The Place of Slavophilism in the Typology of Conservatism

  • Andrey Teslya
Keywords: Westernism, liberal conservatism, national-liberalism, liberal conservatism, national-liberalism, Russian liberalism, Slavophilism

Abstract

In the history of political thought, Russian Slavophilism of the period from 1840s till 1880s has two established traditions of interpretation: as a variant of conservative ideology and as one form of Russian liberalism of the 1840s, along with Westernism (in this case, the later history of Slavophilism, i.e. the period between 1860s and 1880s, is viewed as a departure from initially liberal stances. Beginning with the framework of Andrzej Walicki, the article attempts to demonstrate the underpinnings of this peculiar duality of evaluations. Slavophilism is understood as liberal conservatism; the article also uncovers the structural conditions, on which the liberal component of Slavophile views are based. Special attention is given to the analysis of processes, which led to the dominance of the interpretation, according to which Russian Slavophilism is a conservative ideology, where the liberal component is defined as situational. The reason for such a reading are rooted in the peculiar position of Russian liberalism in the late XIX century, when the nationalism agenda was interpreted as entirely pertaining to the conservative side of the political spectrum.

Author Biography

Andrey Teslya

Academic Director
Center for Study of Russian Thought Immanuel Kant Baltic Federal University,
Chernyshevskogo st., 56a, Kaliningrad
e-mail: mestr81@gmail.com

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Published
2021-01-20
How to Cite
TeslyaA. (2021). The Place of Slavophilism in the Typology of Conservatism. Stasis, 10(2). Retrieved from http://stasisjournal.net/index.php/journal/article/view/174