For the Earth That Has Never Been

  • Michael Marder
Keywords: Earth, geophilosophy, logos, sophia, metaphysics, self-consciousness, articulation, identity, definition, morality


In this article, I advance four main theses:
1) that there has never been a philosophy of the earth;
2) that the earth has never been itself;
3) that the earth has never been defined; and
4) that the earth has never been moral.
I suggest that a geophilosophy worthy of the name would need to respect these negative qualities of the earth’s non-identity, non- or indefiniteness, and a-morality.

Author Biography

Michael Marder

IKERBASQUE Research Professor, Philosophy,
University of the Basque Country (UPV/EHU),
Barrio Sarriena, s/n, 48940 Leioa, BI Spain


Adorno, Theodor W., and Max Horkheimer (2002). Dialectic of Enlightenment: Philosophical Fragments. Trans. Edmund Jephcott. Stanford: Stanford University Press. Alexievich, Svetlana (2008). Chernobyl’skaya molitva: Khronika buduschego [Chernobyl’s prayer: Chronicle of the future. Published in English under the title Voices from Chernobyl]. Moscow: Vremya.
Derrida, Jacques (1987). The Truth in Painting. Trans. Geoffrey Bennington and Ian McLeod. Chicago & London: University of Chicago Press.
Greeley, Ronald (1993). Planetary Landscapes, Second Edition. New York: Chapman and Hall.
Guntau, Martin (1996). “The Natural History of the Earth.” In Cultures of Natural History, eds. N. Jardine, J. A. Secord, and E. C. Spary: 211–29. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Hegel, G. W. F. (1991). Elements of the Philosophy of Right. Trans. H. B. Nisbet. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Hegel, G. W. F. (2004). Philosophy of Nature: Encyclopedia of the Philosophical Sciences, Part II. Trans. A. V. Miller. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
Hegel, G. W. F. (2010). Science of Logic: Encyclopedia of the Philosophical Sciences in Basic Outline, Part I. Trans. and Ed. Klaus Brinkmann and Daniel O. Dahlstrom. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Hegel, G. W. F. (2018). The Phenomenology of Spirit. Trans. Terry Pinkard. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Heidegger, Martin (1993). “The Origin of the Work of Art.” In Basic Writings, ed. David Farrell Krell: 139–212. San Francisco: HarperCollins.
Hesiod (2006). Theogony, Works & Days, Testimonia. Trans. Glenn Most. Loeb Classical Library. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Latour, Bruno (1993). We Have Never Been Modern. Trans. Catherine Porter. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press.
Latour, Bruno (2017). Facing Gaia: Eight Lectures on the New Climatic Regime. Trans. Catherine Porter. London: Polity.
Losev, Aleksey (2016). Dialektika mifa [Dialectic of myth]. St. Petersburg: Azbuka.
Marx, Karl (1970). Critique of Hegel’s Philosophy of Right. Trans. Joseph O’Malley. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Marx Karl, and Friedrich Engels (2002). The Communist Manifesto. London: Penguin Books.
Oliver, Kelly (2015). Earth and World: Philosophy after the Apollo Mission. New York: Columbia University Press.
Pope Francis (2015). Encyclical Letter Laudato Si’ of the Holy Father Francis on the Care of Our Common Home. The Vatican.
Schmitt, Carl (2003). The Nomos of the Earth in the International Law of Jus Publicum Europaeum. Trans. Gary L. Ulmen. New York: Telos Press.
Serres, Michel (2015). Times of Crisis. Trans. Anne-Marie Feenberg-Dibon. London: Bloomsbury.
How to Cite
Marder, M. (2020). For the Earth That Has Never Been. Stasis, 9(1).